25 Types of Sanders for Different Projects

If you’re looking for a sander to sand down your wood furniture or give your floor some new life, it’s important to know that there are different types of sanders. Feeling a little lost on what type of sander to use for your next project? We’ve got you covered. We’ll help you figure out which one is right for you and your project from the random orbital sander to the belt sander. This blog post is about the different types of sanders and what they are best used for.

Table of Contents

  • What Is a Sander?
  • What Kind of Sander Do I Need?
  • Types of Sander
  • Belt Sander
  • Bench Sander
  • Bow Sander/Sanding Bow
  • Bowl Sander
  • Circular Sander
  • Combination Sander
  • Cordless Sander
  • Corner Sander
  • DA Sander
  • Deck Sander
  • Detail Sander
  • Disc Sander
  • Drum Sander
  • Drywall Sander
  • Edging Sander
  • File Sander
  • Finishing Sander
  • Floor Sander
  • Hand Sander
  • Oscillating Spindle Sander
  • Palm Sander
  • Profile Sander
  • Random Orbital Sander
  • Rotary Sander
  • Sheet Sander
  • Straight Line Sander

What Is a Sander?

A sander is a force instrument utilized to even the exteriors by scratched stains with a sanding paper. Sanders got a method to append the sandpaper and a component to move it quickly confined free space with aims to hand-hold that or fix it to a worktable. Carpentry sanders, generally controlled by electrically, and those utilized in auto-body fix work by packed air. There are different sorts of sanders for multiple purposes. Multi-reason power apparatuses and electric drills may have sander connections. There is a wide range of sanders, each with a different reason. You may know about these sorts, you utilized some, and some might be unknown for you.

Beneath, you’ll locate the most widely recognized sorts of sanders recorded, what they utilize, and how they work.

Unlike other regular apparatuses, sanders frequently have different provincial epithets, making it increasingly hard to make sense of what you’re working.

It ought to additionally notice that most of the sanders use sanding paper or equal. These beginning at 60 coarseness and become better as the coarseness tally increases. Entering from 60 and stirring your method up to better scraps will provide you an abundant, evener finished result.

What Kind of Sander Do I Need?

If you need a sanding project done, the kind of sander you’ll need depends on what aspect of the item(s) being sanded – for example are they high or low to the ground?

Sanders range from small handheld units that can be moved in any direction to large belt sanders. The use of each one, as well as its cost and time necessary for usage, is dependent on whether it’s a paint job or just minor touch-ups that need attention, such if a table needs has a few scratches removed. Mind these factors when looking into different versions so that not only do they suit your current needs but also your possible future needs while still keeping things within an affordable price range.

Types of Sander

Sanders are available in different designs and have varying applications. There is a sander out there for everyone, so it’s important to make sure you pick the one that suits your needs best!

Belt Sander

Belt sanders are multiuse instruments. They usually utilize cutting to a scribed line, sanding harsh surfaces, leveling surfaces, and freehand adjusting and molding. Since they have a great deal of intensity and can deal with coarse cornmeal, they exceed expectations at the immediate expulsion of wood. Additionally, in contrast to orbital and vibrating sanders, the sanding activity is direct, so even with coarse cornmeal, you can sand with the grain and get a gorgeous outcome.

Belt sanders are great tools for finishing and removing a lot of material quickly, but they’re not the right choice in all situations. We have reviewed some best belt sander on this sites to help you choose which is ideal for your needs!

There are different types of belt sanders. Some are stationary fixed to the ground while some are smaller in stature and are handheld accustomed. They are often very aggressive in sanding; hence they can only be used to sand in the beginning stages of sanding wood or removing sturdy materials such as paint.

People who work around dense wood or metal and other stuff should use belt sanders.


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Bench Sander

Table Sanders is otherwise called bench sander. These stationary belt sanders regularly additionally incorporate a circle sander. They’re vast and ground-breaking, making them well known in bigger carpentry shops and modern production lines.

Tight belt models are the most ordinarily utilized, albeit some carpentry businesses use a belt that has a little room to breathe in it for more control.

Because of its powerful, table sanders are poor decisions for exactness work and can evacuate a lot of material rapidly.

A bench sander usually uses to smoothen longboards, doors, and panels traditionally used in the house and office decoration, not often built for household or personal uses. It gets mostly used by a professional factory or large-scale use only.

People who use bench sanders are usually loggers, carpenters, etc.

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Bow Sander/Sanding Bow

A bow sander is a phenomenal apparatus for sanding adjusted shapes, irregular surfaces, or radiuses corners.

This plan is straightforward and straightforward to make; it utilizes a belt sander so you can rapidly switch in and out the various belts when required. Pleasant to hold tight your device divider and be prepared for use for an assortment of sanding occupations.

It is bow-formed and has a long stroke, which helps for quick sanding and agreeable to utilize. The thin width strips let you sand in tight territories.

This sander permits you to apply sandpaper to a formed edge with a more predictable weight than if you held it somewhere near hand. It is extraordinary for smoothing out curved edges on makes; it’s even better than an electric handheld detail sander.

Bowl Sander

A bowl sander is a machine used to sand bowls by rotating it on a lathe.

Bowl sander is a type of belt or disc sander that uses circular motion around an object in order to smooth the objects surface and remove any ridges, dents, etc.. It can be adjusted accordingly for different shapes like square/circular bowls which may have more angles than rounded ones.

Bowl sanders are used to shape the outside of a wooden bowl. Bowls can be shaped with one or more grits and it may require several different steps before they reach their final state, depending on how intricate you want your design to look like.

This sander is a powerful yet versatile machine that allows users to smooth out their wooden projects like spoons, salad servers, tabletops etc.

Related: Best Bowl Sanders: Reviews, Comparisons and Buying Guide

Circular Sander

A circular sander is a sander that is a vibrating apparatus made out of a metal roller component where we come to fix a sanding round cushion. This metal ball permits the cushion to turn haphazardly. On the off chance that the buffer experiences hard to focus on a superficial level, it will circumvent it and work at it gradually with small circles making sure no same path is covered twice.

This circular sander has a random turning ellipses to avoid creating significant scratches on the surface. A circular sander creates a uniform surface with minimum viable scratches conceivable. It gives a better complexion with a moderate, however consistent material expulsion.

A circular sander is ideal for the personal use of it can also be used by carpenters. A large-scaled one can be used in a factory setup as well.

Combination Sander

A combination sander is just a hybridized rendition of a belt sander and circle sander. It is where both the sanders get fabricated together. Also, each can work independently, relying upon the necessities of the employments.

A combination sander works like two in one sander, and thus it can do all the elements of both a belt sander and a disc sander. Owning one of these would ensure that you do not have to buy both the items separately, saving some money, and occupied space after buying it.

These can get equally used by factories of professional environments and used by people for their usage. A downside of a combination sander is though that it is very power-consuming compared to most of the other versions of a sander.

Cordless Sander

A cordless sander is what the name suggests that it is a sander that is cordless. It means this has a rechargeable feature, and hence this is a pretty handy tool when it comes to size and handle ability.

It is a circular sander but a cordless version of the actual circular sander. Hence a cordless sander has the same features as a circular sander. The only difference, though, is that being cordless means you can move with it anywhere regardless of the availability of a cord, as it is small in size, it is the ideal tool to own.

A cordless sander can get used by anyone on a personal level given its size and easy to use features and hence people who work on removing paint of smoothening wooden surfaces can use this.

Corner Sander

A corner sander is a sander that more closely resembles an iron rather than a sander. A corner sander is an alternative of a circular sander through a wedge-shaped pad that uses self-epoxy resin sandpaper.

This little sander here and there accompanies various connections for increasingly particular or exact working. The impossible to miss the state of this sander permits to touch nicks and crevices a standard sander can not get to, and hence it is utilized often for appropriate into bends and all over the place in fitting places, like spindles of a leg of a chair. It can also efficiently sand messed up figures and is a beneficial apparatus for skills.

A corner sander, specially designed for people who do many wooden works and require different sand shapes of wood designs, is ideal for them.

Check out the video below if you want to know how these sander work inside the corner!

DA Sander

A DA sander, which stands for dual action sander, is a type of sander with two standard rotary sanders built in them.

This DA sander consisting of two rotary sanders works by rotating the two sanders opposite each other. It ensures that when sanding, no swirling or spinning mark of the sander gets left behind in the platforms that are getting sanded, providing a clean and smooth, spotless sanded surface.

This type of sander, mainly used for removing hard paints, mostly from cars and other metal stuff, and as a result, this is ideal for people garages where cars repaint, where there is a need to remove the old paint with the help of a DA sander.


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Deck Sander

A deck sander is a sander, mainly used to sand wooden decks to make the woods smooth to make it gentle on the people who would use it in the future.

This deck sander has primarily been made to sand wooden decks to smoothen them out. It would ultimately ensure that there are no uneven bumps or nicks and crevices on the wooden floor and that the whole wood surface of the wooden floor is uniformly smooth and even.

This type of sander is mainly used by people who work on specifically making wooden surfaces flat. It can also be used by personals who own a wood deck or in currently making one.


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Detail Sander

A detail sander is a handheld sander that utilizes a minor energetic dome with a trilateral piece of sanding paper attached.

It is primarily for sanding curves and very close-fitting places of wooden design, mostly in our household furniture.

This type of sander is mainly used by carpenters who sand the wood to give them a smoothened surface.

Related: How to Sand Wood? [5 Things to Keep in Mind]

Disc Sander

A disc sander is a sort of sander, generally executed like a motionless appliance that comprises a replaceable round molded sandpaper connected to a helm turned by an electric engine or packed air.

A disc sander is usually used for wooden work pieces, albeit different tools can get formed and taken a shot at, for example, metals, plastics, and other delicate materials sit on the forward-facing seat that can change following different points. It very well may be utilized for rough or sufficient sanding relying upon the sanding frame worsened.

This type of sander is widely used by people of all different sectors, from personal use to factory workers to carpenters.

Related: How to Use a Disc Sander? Know 12 Disc Sander Safety Rules!

Drum Sander

A drum sander is a type of sander that expenditures a rotation sanding drum to smoothen out woods.

This sort of sander fills in as a planer that works flexible feed rules to deal with the forest in that appliance. The sander softens the surface and directs out from the opposite side. This sort of sander is perfect for neatly smoothening out large wooden surfaces.

A drum sander is generally owned by large factories that specifically make flat wooden boards from timber, and hence they are used to smoothen out all the wooden boards to sell them out.

Related: 25 Drum Sander Tips Every Woodworker Need to Know

Drywall Sander

A drywall sander is a sander that the name suggests is a specialized sander used to sand drywalls before any priming and painting. To know more about drywall sanding, read our full blog post sanding drywall like a pro?

A drywall sander’s primary function is to smoothen out newly built, or paint scraped walls before the painting job starts. It is because sanding out the wall will make the wall a completely smooth surface. It would ultimately result in an even coating of paint on the walls. It is ensuring that even after the wall gets painted. The paint had completely dried out; the wall would still feel smooth to the hand because a smoothened wall would result in a continuous layer of color without any bumps of crevices and hence would look a lot more pleasing to the eye once the paint dries up.

This type of sander is mainly used by construction workers who make the walls and smoothen them out and the people who do painting jobs who need to smoothen the wall out before they start painting or repainting the house.


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Edging Sander

An edging sander is a sander, utilized for sanding the edges of a room just for territories which are too shallow to even think about using drums, for instance, passages where the planks of flooring stumble into the width of the lobby.

Edging sanders run clockwise, and hence you have to spend less time fighting the machine if you start sanding clockwise. These also come attached with a dust bag, and accordingly, when sanding the floor or the remnant dust will be collected, it will not make the room’s surroundings dusty.

Edging sanders are usually for people who do sanding works on floors and works in general and are not for the familiar people to own as a household tool.

File Sander

A file sander is a sander used to fill small areas of wood that need to smoothen. It is just a miniature version of a belt sander. It consists of a thin strip of sandpaper that revolves around just like a belt sander but on a more delicate scale.

However, a file sander is used to file sharp edges, which are exceedingly brighter and might be hazardous to work around, and hence a file sander is used to smoothen out the sharp edge of a wooden board. Unlike a belt sander, the bigger version of a file sander is used to smoothen large wood surfaces.

It gets used by the same people who use a belt sander, and with the combined usage of the two, they make the perfect desired wood piece for the people.

Finishing Sander

A finishing sander is a sander which, as the name suggests, is used for the final finishing touches to wooden boards.

Unlike most other sanders, a finishing sander can be of various types like an orbital sander, pad sander, and oscillating sander. These all are a finishing sander. Hence, this leads to the fact that many sanders can get used to giving wooden boards that final finishing touch. It would give the board a smooth and silky feel to the hands, ensuring a comfortable experience for anyone using the finished products.

Finishing sanders utilize by individuals who work with woods. Works unequivocally in production lines, smoothen out sheets, and a wooden board.


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Floor Sander

A floor sander is a sander that use to smoothen out floors of a newly built house or any other building platform which happens to have a sandaled story.

This sander utilizes to expel the top surface of a wooden floor by sanding with grating materials. An assortment of level materials can get sanded using this sander, including timber, plug, particleboard, and parquet. A few stories are a refuge and intended for sanding; Many old floors get sanded, also utilizing a story sander after the past covers expelled, and appropriate wood gets found underneath the floor.

Again this kind of sanders is utilized by individuals who spend significant time in sanding hardwood floors of various materials. Consequently, this is something that is expertly held and not for the customary individuals to possess.


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Hand Sander

A Hand sander typically refers to any sander that can be handheld to work. It does not apply to any specific singular kind of sander.

Hand sanders usually are utilized for little scope sanding works where you don’t need to go over a considerable territory of stages that should sand. Thus these sanders are frequently straightforward to work with us. You can move them over at any course you need as they are truly lightweight and consequently simple to accomplish.

This type of sander can own by typical workers who provide small scale services, or mostly they can be in your toolbox to help you smoothen up surfaces whenever you need..

Related: Best Hand Sanders: Reviews, Comparisons and Buying Guide

Oscillating Spindle Sander

An oscillating spindle sander is a sander that structures a sanding drum that obtrudes from a workbench or standing desk.

The drums are lifted and dropped on the spindle while the sander moves, letting the work piece apparent to let that contact with that complete drum. It does not only help to exclude gouges and can also decrease apparel on that drum exterior concluded its smooth circulation.

Oscillating spindle sanders gets utilized mostly for softening the boundaries of boards. Many huge models can approach the forward-facing of the bench by up to forty-five degrees to make slanting limits. The drum’s perpendicular scheme, this device works flawlessly on bent exteriors made by mob aphorisms and additional tools, although still capable of sand standard dimensions competently.

These sanders are mostly used for smoothening furniture, so they are most suitable for a factory setup. Even so, people who tend to work with woods a lot personally can also own these.

Related: Best Spindle Sanders: Reviews and Buying Guide

Palm Sander

This littlest and generally versatile among all force sander is called palm sander because of its handle that can usually fit into the client’s palm.

Palm sanders get their name since they usually fit into the palm of your hand. They are the littlest and lightest intensity sanders with the most vulnerable engine control and regularly use sandpaper in 160-220 coarseness run. It makes them generally perfect for light employments like finishing a completed bit of wood that won’t get painted.

Palm sanders are perfect for straightforward utilization that doesn’t require a lot of intensity. This way, they shouldn’t utilize for substantial ones like attempting to expel paint from wood.

We have great article about using a palm sander. Read it for more information.

Related: Best Palm Sanders: Reviews and Buying Guide

Profile Sander

Profile sanders are a reasonably recent invention, all the more appreciated for that reason. Profile sanders can get used for sanding in tight corners or along the grooves or ruts. A good profile sander comes with an assortment of different sanding shapes known as profiles attached, not just the standard triangular pattern.

The operation of the profile sander is the same as for the standard finishing sander. The apparatus difference is that you must select the correct profile before it’s operation.

These sanders are owned by the same people who work with finishing sanders, who work on finishing edges and surfaces by smoothening them.

Random Orbital Sander

A random orbital sander, a handheld tool that gets used for sanding surfaces with a random-orbit action. That is, the angle of rotation of the head and the disc is variable.

A random orbit sanding design is delivered by turning the sanding plate and moving it in little ovals. It guarantees no single piece of the rough material ventures to every part of a similar way twice during the same pivot. Due to this arbitrary sanding activity, the apparatus doesn’t leave whirl stamps and can’t bear the wood grain. It makes it valuable while sanding two bits of wood that will secure at the right edges. Arbitrary orbital sanders use sandpaper circles, and many incorporate coordinated residue gatherers. Plates get joined utilizing pressure-touchy types of cement or a snare and circle framework. On models furnished with a residue assortment include, a vacuum sucks released dust through openings in the paper and cushion, taking care of it to a pack.

Though a random orbit sander is the most user-friendly power tools, there is more things to learn. Here are 17 tips for mastering the random orbit sander to help you work faster and get a smooth finish.

It is a tiny scale device that can be owned on a personal basis as they are cheap and easy to work with, and on a smaller scale of work, they are an ideal choice.


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Rotary Sander

A rotary sander is just a random orbital sander with only one significant difference, and that being that it does not vibrate randomly. Hence, the pad is linked directly with the tools motor and get’s its full power.

The benefits of getting the engine’s full potential are that the rotating sander has a high material expulsion rate. It can clean away thick layers of paints over a large surface. With forceful stripping, the rotating sander considers a brisk and high scraped spot rate.

These sanders are used by the same people who are eligible to use a random orbital sander.

Sheet Sander

A sheet sander is just a random orbital sander, which only moves backward and forwards with almost no vibration from side to side.

A sheet sander has an eccentric cam mechanism that makes the sanding disc move in a circular but not round fashion. As a result, sheet sanders excel at getting into corners and edges but can cause grooves because the layer only moves in one direction.

Likewise, the people likely to use these sanders are the same as random orbital sanders.

Related: Best 1/4 Sheet Sanders: Top 10 Reviews, Comparisons and Buying Guide

Straight Line Sander

A straight line sander is a sander that works just like a sanding board, but with more power. Because of this, it can sand a large surface area in a brief period, making it an essential tool for anybody’s shop.

Straight-line sanders are comfortable for use on various materials such as sheet metal, fiberglass, and steel. Using a straight line sander, you can sand these materials on a very straight line without distorting your directions.

These sanders are mainly used in body shop environments and can be personal belongings on your toolbox.


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Watch out the video below for choosing the right sander for your project.

Final Words

When looking for a sander, there are many different types to choose from. Each of them has their own strengths and weaknesses that make it better suited for certain projects than others. No matter what kind you’re after, be sure to do your research before committing so as not to end up with an unsuitable product!

We hope that this article has helped you to understand the various types of Sanders, which type might be best for your project and why.

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