How to Sand Hardwood Floors with 12 Practical Steps

You’ve just finished an extensive remodel, and you’re ready to get down to the nitty-gritty of your home. The last major project on the list is staining or sanding hardwood floors. You can’t believe how many questions you have about this step in the process! Is it necessary? How often should I do it? What kind of sandpaper should I use? Where is a good place to buy supplies for this job? Check out our blog post today for all your answers! We’ll walk you through each question, one by one, so that you can confidently tackle this project with ease.

Table of Contents

  • Supply List for Sanding Hardwood Floors
  • PPEs Required for Sanding Hardwood Floors
  • How to Sand Hardwood Floors? [12 Practical Steps]
  • How to Seal Hardwood Floors?
  • How to Get Nail Polish Off Hardwood Floors?
  • How to Make Wood Floors Shine Naturally?
  • Tips for Sanding Hardwood Floors

Supply List for Sanding Hardwood Floors

Below is a list of materials and tools you need for sanding hardwood floors:

To prepare the room, you will need:

  • Plastic sheeting
  • Cotton rags
  • Hardwood floor cleaner
  • Nail sets
  • Mineral spirits
  • Painters tape
  • Wood filler
  • Vacuum
  • Putty knife
  • Sanding grit
  • Pole sander, and
  • A buffer

For the finishing, you will need:

  • A Paintbrush
  • Paint trays
  • Microfiber towel
  • Polyurathane floor finishing

PPEs Required for Sanding Hardwood Floors

Floor sanding is all about professional trades. It is essential to have safety instruments as it is risky. Always remember to wear eyes and ear protectors and a dust mask for your nose. A portable fire extinguisher when you are working with dust bags in case of ignition.

How to Sand Hardwood Floors? [12 Practical Steps]

Step-1: Assess the Floor

The most usual blunder we see on levels is fearfully made by ourselves. A story that looks dull because that was not truculently sufficient. Therefore, the further balanced is your assessment of the state of your level is, the additionally prepared you’ll to simply accept what proportion work it’ll fancy renew your story. 
Floor sanding and floor refinishing are intimately involved. Professionals also have a great idea about refinishing hardwood floors to complete the sanding work in the perfect manner.

Step-2: Preparation for Sanding Hardwood Floors

  • First of all, measure the room – it’s a lot simpler to gauge rough and finish needs if you know your area.

  • Next, expel all floor covering, tack strip, cover cushion, and particularly the rug staples (sanding over metal makes a flash risk, and it can decimate the elastic drum or circle plate of a sander).

  • Evacuate or countersink any nails on the floor.

  • Expel all quarter-round; be that as it may, it’s not essential to evacuate the baseboards. On the off chance that your quarter-rounds painted to your baseboard and abandoning, it will mean a tremendous repainting or substitution work; you can skip it. You’ll simply be increasingly cautious as you edge, and utilize a sharp scrubber to tidy the floor straight up to the quarter round. You’ll additionally need to do some paint touch ups on the quarter-round when you are all set. You can get an idea about 29 painting secrets to do paint touchup professionally.

  • Expel entryways that open into the room.

  • Expel all furnishings—indeed, every last bit of it—and bring down window medicines and inside decorations.

  • Raise and secure any low-hanging ceiling fixtures, or you’ll hit your head.

  • Exhaust from oil-adjusted polyurethane can be deadly to little pets. Keep them away as we necessitate. Bigger pets can remain in the home. However, we prescribe tying down them on another level to get them far from the work region. On the off chance that outsiders or clamors damage your pets, you should seriously mull over, sending them on a short get-away until you’re finished.

Step-3: Choose Effective Grit Sandpaper

The five cornmeal of rough accessible for the floor drum sander is 16, 24, 36, 60, and 80.

The cornmeal accessible for the border are 12, 16, 20, 36, 60, and 80. If your flooring is fresher and you persuaded that you don’t have to start that forcefully, do a test: put a 36-grit belt on the instrument and go to the most noticeably terrible segment of the flooring.

Go through 6-7 minutes and sand an 8′ x 9′ region. Presently, turn the machine off and see that sanded segment. On condition that you can genuinely say there is no completion left on that flooring and that you can’t feel the board borders when you move your fist over the wood, at that point, you can continue to sand with 36-grit, continuing through 60 and 80. Be that as it may, On condition that there is as yet unmistakable completion in the examined region, you are in an ideal situation doing a quick go at 24-grit to take the more significant part of the polish, before changing it to 36-grit and evacuating every piece of it. Keep in mind, 60 coarseness and 80 coarseness not intended to expel finish—everything they do is even out scratches.

Step-4: Sand the Floors with the Drum Sander

Sand wherever the drum sander can reach in each space in your venture. Be sure to read – don’t make these biggest mistakes when sanding before your start sand the floors with the drum sander. In case you’re sanding on two unique stories, do everything on the topper level at the first and afterward sand ground floor; you just need to pull those instruments upstairs one time. Read a detail blog post about how to use a floor sander, It will help you more!

On the off chance, you have the advantage of two individuals on the undertaking, first one on the drum, and others on the border don’t utilize the two machines in a similar room simultaneously!

It is a wellbeing issue, and it is excessively simple to be centered around your appliance and not to see the line of your accomplice’s edger. The drum sander should go at the first point, finish that coarseness in the principal room and continue to next end, and afterward let that edger start, itself, in the very first place once the sander has proceeded onward.

There are many types of mistakes that can be made during hardwood floor sanding. So before making a mistake, gain knowledge about 23 sanding mistakes.

Step-5: Use The Edger to Sand Floors That the Drum Couldn’t Reach

For each coarseness, you do, drum firstly and edge secondly. A great extent because the edger itself can sand. Just get down to the following coarser harshness on edger as it were. Rush and utilize that rough coarseness to evacuate about the portion of the completion. At that point, proceed with the roughness you should use that coordinates the drum sander gives you simply completed. In essence, presently, the state of that edge region coordinates the state of the area, and you continue with your arranged coarseness sequence. Drum denotes that you may leave during the change at the divider edge.

Step-6: Sweep or Vacuum All Sanded Floors

Each moment when you finish a coarseness, you have to clean, or if nothing else clear all the outer part, you just sanded. Because the bits of sanding alloy tumble off the rough and mess the floor after each coarseness pass.

Although you may be proceeded onward to a better coarseness, those large, coarse materials from past passes are as yet being crushed in the floor with your edger and drum. Considerably under your excellent paper, they keep on grinding their 16 coarseness feline scrape into the story, and you get to ponder where every one of those vast, profound gouges are originating.

Step-7: Use a Radiator Edger to Sand Under All Radiators

You’ll show signs of improvement mix with cutting from the edger and drum sander on the off chance that you sand your radiators after the various sanding finished. Additionally, it maintains your lease of additional sander down to a flat out least.

Step-8: Scrape or Sand All Corners and Around Radiator Feet or Pipes

Edgers are disc-shaped, yet rooms are rectangular, so you’ll have to accomplish something in each corner of each room, wardrobe, or stair track. In your undertaking. Carbide scrubbers are incredible; however, they can be costly. Carbon steel scrubbers are modest and function admirably, yet you’ll need to continue honing carbon steel lessens when you’re scratching the finish. Multi-apparatuses have little, trigons sanding headings that likewise work admirably. If you scrape your corners, once in a while, you can allow them excessively soft; get a collapsed bit of 80-grit sandpaper then softly sand that place where you’ve scratched to revive the woodiness, so it equals what you did with your different sanders.

Step-9: Examine the Perimeter of the Floors and Remove Any Visible Edger Swirl by Hand-sanding

When you finish your last edger pass, investigate the whole edge of your venture on all fours and with an electric lamp, if essential, to find every piece of unmistakable sanding scrapes from the edger. At the point when you discover it, expel it with hand-sanding with 80 coarseness.

Try not to be enticed to get your palm sander. A palm sander is more impressive than your fist and will so over-clean the floor that, at that time, the whirls will get removed, the surface of that zone will be a lot softer and additionally shut than the zones that finished with the edger or the drum.

Those territories won’t permit finish to ingest as effectively or profoundly and will get a particularly unexpected tone in comparison to the encompassing floor.

Step-10: Use A Pole Sander or A Buffer Over the Entire Floors

The area where the direct abrade from the electric sander units round scratch from the edger can show as a line, even as distinct together of these outfield shear lines. And the worst part is you will not see that on the newly sanded floor, and you can see after you applied a layer of finish.

When that layer of finish is bottom, that takes tons of labor to repair this problem. Therefore the thing is to stop it from happening within the top place. And elimination is straightforward, but it must happen even as you’re at your tiredness. Nevertheless, before you start your last cleaning, you would like to use a buffer to try to one final, blend-sand  your whole floor.

Utilizing 100 or 120 grit, you’ll put a glib, but significantly constant scrape texture on the whole floor. It may deceive your finish making you  believe that just one instrument left its blemish on your level, and it’ll soak up regularly on the wood, which can look compatible everywhere.

Step-11: Vacuum the Entire Area

Use a vacuum the entire area thoroughly to clean the dirt from the space, which is hard to reach.

Step 12: Remove Dust From the Floors

Utilize of a dry microfiber cloth to remove all remaining dust from the floors.

Watch out the video below to get more knowledge about sand a floor with a drum sander.

Caution! Don’t Forget the Filler

Limit the zones we fill to nail openings, gouges, chipped board corners, and the short ‘board-end’ breaks. The splits that run along the long edges of the board do not merit filling; sheets proceed to expand and contract along with that measurement, and any filler will rapidly diminish to kitty litter.

If you use the liner, don’t pick the benevolent that is applied after the activities have done -this stays delicate and turns out no problem at all.

Pick a solidifying wood clay that coordinates the types of wood you have and apply it before you get done with sanding. Generally, sand through the 36-coarseness arrange, fill all the gaps and holes, and accomplish something when the filler is dry and prepared to sand.

Editor’s Tips

How to Seal Hardwood Floors?

A hardwood flooring requires a sealer, or the wooden floor can handily get harmed by impacts, moistness, tumbles, and overall pedestrian activity.

In advance of polyurethane varnish turned into the levant finish for deck experts, accessible choices included wax, infiltrating lubricant and annihilate. Numerous mortgage holders favor the traditional oily look.

However, shellac and wax not utilized much any longer, as because they aren’t okay with present tough day complete, it is to maintain a strategic distance best. You ought to consistently sand the entire flooring before fixing it.

Regardless of whether you’re putting in new, incomplete ground surface sheets, and it’s imperative to seal quickly in time permits following sanding, indeed, utilize infiltrating film finish or tung oil, for example, water or oil-based polyurethane.

Sanding opens the crumb and permits the Sealer to infiltrate, yet the open bits leave the wood powerless against dampness noticeable all around, which can grow and stains.

 Any blemishes you utilize to make the different shade of that forest must infiltrate so that it can go previous to the Sealer. Stains don’t get a similar activity as sealers, however. They comprise the most of shades and liquids that rapidly dissipate, so it’s essential to seal when the stain dries up.

3 Steps need to follow to seal hardwood floors

Step-1: Fixing with polyurethane

The ground surface instrument is a frothing chamber on the finish of the long handle. It is measured so that you can take it to layout tools quickly without shaping air pockets. After all other options have been exhausted, you can likewise utilize a paint cushion; append it on a crest augmentation handle, so you don’t need to chip away at your knee and hands.

Pour a serial of water or oil-based polyurethane with the divider most remote from the entryway. The divider should run corresponding to the ground surface. Drag the tool over it length-ways the whole span of the flooring, from the first divider to the next. Keep the machine onto the woodwork when you alteration bearings to sort an additional pass; it keeps rises from framing. Keep pouring and hauling to shelter the whole level.

Step-2: Allow the sealer to dry

Drying relies upon the item you’re utilizing. Water-based things take around three hours to parched, while oil-based ones can choose from 12 to 26 hours.

Step-3: Apply more coats

Three layers are the standard proposal on polyurethaned flooring. A few items necessitate well-lit sanding or “showing” with a buffing cushion – between layers; others guarantee no sanding is fundamental. Sanding or scraping frequently assists smooth with the excursion of the former coat.

Pro Tips

How to Get Nail Polish Off Hardwood Floors?

Soak a sponge into rubbing alcohol and then put it on the nail polish stain. Wait for sometimes and scrub it lightly. You will see the nail paint came off.


How to Make Wood Floors Shine Naturally?


Shine Wood Floors with Lemon Juice

Lemon juice is ideal for cleaning. First, you need to weaken the lemon juice with some water; at that point, you can utilize it to sparkle your floor. It’ll give your level a pleasant lemony fragrance without using any synthetic concoctions.


Shine Wood Floors with Olive Oil, White Vinegar, and Water

Mix each of the three of these characteristic fixings, and you’ll realize how to make hardwood floors usually sparkle. This blend is probably the ideal approach to reestablish the natural sparkle back to your durable hardwood floor. The olive oil is the mystery fixing to making your floors look sparkly and pristine.


Shine Wood Floors with Tea

Brew a few tea packs in water and utilize that as a cleaner. It sounds sort of abnormal. However, tea’s corrosiveness can help lift soil from your floor. Tea is incredible for getting little bits of dirt out of the depressions of your hardwood floor.


Shine Wood Floors with White Vinegar

Mix a balance of vegetable oil and white vinegar to make a straightforward, yet successful, cleaner for your hardwood floor. Vinegar is a characteristic clean that is ideal for cleaning. Its sharpness will assist break with bringing down soil and grime.

You can pick any of the regular fixings recorded above to clean your hardwood floor frequently. Blend those fixings, to try to please levels! Now, the room ought to be away from furniture, and you should’ve just cleared and vacuumed. Presently you can take a wipe and add your cleaning blend to it. With your wipe, you’ll need to buff each area of your floor. Continuously make sure to begin from the corner and working your way around. You would prefer not to step into a segment you’re cleaning before it dries. When you’re all set, simply investigate the gleaming new floors.

Tips for Sanding Hardwood Floors

  1. 1

    Start in a bedroom closet. If you make any mistake, it won’t show. Like all your first-time errors will sort of be in that closet for the worst part.

  2. 2

    Sanding a story requires the utilization of a substantial turning sanding device that can kick up an enormous measure of residue.

  3. 3

    Cover electrical outlets, air vents, and windows. The waste kicked up from these force instruments can stick your windows, harm your electrical outlets and even represent a genuine fire danger

  4. 4

    Before you endeavor to sand or revamp your floor, fix any parts or gouges. What’s more, make a point to review for metal nail heads. On the off chance that you discover any nail heads, try to countersink them a piece to abstain from destroying the sandpaper or harming the sander head.

  5. 5

    Evacuate baseboard and quarter-round trim before you sand. Sanding can bring down the floor tallness, making a hole among floor and trim, and it can scrape trim.

Final Words

Style and magnificence are the principal attributes of a decent wood floor. Be that as it may, without wood floor upkeep, these particular characteristics will before long begin to blur. Find a way to keep away from that from occurring. Comprehend the do’s and don’ts of floor upkeep, and you will have a lovely floor for a long time to come. Till then, happy hardwood sanding.

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