A group of turkey has its different names on different perspectives such as Rafter, Gang and Flock.
So What is a Group of Turkeys Called?
A group of turkey is called ‘Rafter'. This name is being used since 15th century. There is an old expression called “to the rafter”, which means that someone who is indicated by it is overly excited, extremely over reacted or panicked. Turkeys are this kind of bird with mindless behaviour, panicky and hyper reactivity.Another meaning of the word “raft”is “collection”. On this way, a big collection of turkeys is called ‘Rafter’. In a rafter, the male turkeys are called Tom, the female turkeys are hen by their name and the baby turkeys are Poult or Chick. Young generation in rafter got different names. Young male is Jake and young female is called Jenny.A turkey might face a lot of problems with their nature without their group but the rafter can be say “the safe heaven” to them.
When a group of wild turkeys live together, then it is called “Flock”. On the other hand, domestic turkeys live in rafter. Flock is stronger enough to cop up with nature by struggle with all the members within it. Rafter can be found all over the world but Flock can be found only in native America, Alaska and Hawaii.
People in general are not that much aware about these terms to explain turkeys in words. They usually use the word ‘Gang’ to explain. Because, this bird are that much aggressive and notorious when they move together. It generally looks like a gangster while moving.
Flock of Turkeys
As it was said, a group of wild Turkey is called Flock. Flocks were much available in every corner of America when settlers were first arrived there. After that, in the time between 1700 to 1950, overhunting and deforestations occurred which reduced the number of Turkeys to 30,000. The next 50 years, the number had increased simultaneously. By the time of 2021, the number reached 7 million. After 2014, in all 48 contiguous states of America, Turkeys were available again. This is one of the most successful mission of wildlife conservation ever.
A turkey in flock is enough clever to survive getting opportunities from nature. In America, if you can locate food somewhere, you have a big possibility to discover big slow bird turkeys around there. They spend their times by chasing small insects and searching for seeds. Though, small insects have more nutrition than seed. A baby turkey grows faster than you can imagine. For this propose, they need extra nutrition. Small insects make that balance of growing up a baby Turkey. Though protein is the main source of food for them, they also eat fruit including blackberry, cherry, huckleberry and grape. Nut is one of the favorite food for Turkey. Grasses, sedges and wheat are also their food item in the preservation for their group.
They walk for a mile or two in a day only for searching food they need. If they find food easily, they walk little. They walk in group, which is called Flock. Flock covers up to 1400 acres of lands depending on food sources and natural supports. Rough winter snow in North America or dry west American weather makes the limitation of food there. The strength of the group Flock depends on the food sources.
Just like other animals, Turkey not only send frequency to communicate but also talk. They use their vocal chord to make a variation of their voices by 28 types. These sounds have their selective meaning which is used in different situations. For example, male turkey is famous with their gobbling sounds with vocal which can be heard from mile away. By this kind of sound, they attract female for sex. The group leader uses different kinds of sounds in different situations in order to rule his team. The sounds he make indicate certain meaning which help them to do their group work in discipline.
They have their clear vision in daylight. That’s why they need protection at night. In order to protect themselves, they roost in big trees. It helps them to be secured from ground predators in jungle. They start roosting by the age of 14-28 days. This characteristics is provoked by their sub species, weather and temperature. They stay on top of the big tree. By making various sound, they move from tree to tree together in a disciplinary way. Its simple that, for protection they choose larger trees.
They have hierarchy for both male and female. They get home ranges from the hierarchy. When a Flock cross another Flocks' home range, they fight for the dominance within pecking order. Their breeding is triggered by the increasing daylight length and hormonal responses. Hen becomes secretive when to make a nest in order to laying eggs. They lay 10-12 eggs in their two weeks period. After 26-28 days, baby poults are born. Within a week, poults learn how to dust with the hen. At the age of week two, they learn how to fly in short distance. After three weeks, they learn to roost in the lower trees with the hens. After 14 weeks, male and female Turkey can indicate by their plumage and size. They become ready to enter into their social organizations within next fall. Their body growth comes to an end during winter. By that time, they are all ready to survive and cop up with nature.
An adult turkey have85% vegetables and 15% protein from animal matter. They have eight different types of feather which help them not only to cover their body but also waterproof them. With the help of feather, they display themselves with protecting, fighting, insulating and so on. They have the habit of preening feather in order to remove dust and to keep them in a good shape.
When the sun is set, they fly up to the large trees for protection. After sun rises, they can be found on the ground foraging for food.
In a flock, they are stronger enough with their community and communication skills as well which helps them to fight for surviving as a fittest. They are that much stronger that the hunter have to use short ranges shotgun to hunt them which can damage a big area in order to hit a moving target.
However, since you are reading our article, we can assume you are willing to hunt turkey. Turkey hunting is fun challenging at the same time. And our this article will definitely give you a good guideline for Turkey hunting. Happy Hunting!